Diagnose Your Water

If the water in your home tastes, smells, looks or feels weird, an RAdata Water Treatment System will help. We can handle your problem water!

CLICK ON EACH SYMPTOM TO LEARN MORE

Questions? Call us today at 800-447-2366. We can help you identify, confirm, and treat your water quality problems.

Hover your mouse over any of the symptoms to see a short description. You can also click on just one or more of the symptom types then scroll down, click on Diagnose My Water to see a more detailed explanation.

  • Arsenic Arsenic Arsenic occurs naturally in rocks and soil and is used for a variety of industry and agriculture purposes. Arsenic in water contributes to skin damage, circulatory problems, and can increase cancer risk.
    Arsenic
  • Coliform Bacteria Coliform Bacteria Coliform bacteria can cause diarrhea or Gastroenteritis. Symptoms may not always present themselves. Some individuals may be more susceptible to Coliform bacteria than others.
    Coliform Bacteria
  • Chemicals Chemicals Chemicals (VOCs) in water can produce a sweet, pleasant odor, or the taste or smell of gasoline or solvents in your water. Chemicals may also cause skin and/or mucus membrane irritation.
    Chemicals
  • Chlorine Taste/Odor Chlorine Taste/Odor If your water smells or tastes of chlorine, you have dry eyes or skin, or if your eczema seems worse when you use your water, chlorine removal will help.
    Chlorine Taste/Odor
  • Cloudy Water or Sediment Cloudy Water or Sediment Cloudy, murky or grayish water is usually caused by dissolved or suspended solids. You may even notice dirt or sediments. This is also known as “turbidity” and can clog pipes and faucets and cause staining.
    Cloudy Water or Sediment
  • Hard Water Hard Water Cloudy or water spots on glassware? Dry skin or hair? Soap scum and clogged pipes? Softening your water will help.
    Hard Water
  • Iron Iron If your water is reddish, comes out clear but leaves reddish-brown stains in sinks, toilets, and tubs or tastes metallic, you probably have excess iron.
    Iron
  • Lead Lead Lead is typically found in water due to the corrosion of lead from solder and piping in older homes. Lead can cause developmental delays, kidney damage, and high blood pressure.
    Lead
  • Low pH Low pH The telltale signs of low pH are bluish-green stains on fixtures, tubs and toilets. Low pH can also cause a metallic taste.
    Low pH
  • Manganese Manganese Manganese can leave brownish stains similar to iron and cause black discoloration, Manganese also reacts with bleach to cause stains on laundry.
    Manganese
  • Nitrates Nitrates Wells should be tested annually for nitrates, especially in areas where fertilizers are commonly used.  An estimated 1.5 million people annually are potentially exposed to nitrates from rural domestic wells.
    Nitrates
  • Pharmaceuticals Pharmaceuticals Both prescribed and over the counter pharmaceuticals and their metabolites can be found in wastewater. The improper disposal of medication can also introduce pharmaceuticals into aquifers that supply our wells.
    Pharmaceuticals
  • Radiation (Gross Alpha) Radiation (Gross Alpha) Gross Alpha includes Radium and Uranium. Exposure to Gross Alpha radiation in water can increase the risk of cancer and kidney disease. Radioactive pancakes anyone?
    Radiation (Gross Alpha)
  • Radon Radon Radon is a naturally occurring radioactive gas produced by the breakdown of uranium in soil, rock, and water. Dissolved radon in our water supply is released into the air as a gas during water use.
    Radon
  • Sulfur Odor Sulfur Odor Does your water smell unpleasant like rotten eggs? Hydrogen Sulfide removal is easily accomplished with a Sulfur Breaker.
    Sulfur Odor

Your water results

Arsenic
Arsenic

What is Arsenic? Arsenic is an element that occurs naturally in rocks and soil and is used for a variety of purposes within industry and agriculture. It is also a byproduct of copper smelting, mining, and coal burning. Arsenic can combine with other elements to make chemicals used to preserve wood and to kill insects on cotton and other agricultural crops.

Why is Arsenic bad for us? Arsenic in water contributes to skin damage, circulatory problems, and can increase cancer risk.

How does Arsenic get into drinking water? Arsenic can enter the water supply from natural deposits in the earth or from industrial and agricultural pollution.

Will boiling my drinking water reduce Arsenic? Heating or boiling your water will not remove arsenic. Because some of the water evaporates during the boiling process, the arsenic concentrations can actually increase slightly as the water is boiled.

How does RAdata treat Arsenic in my water? RAdata installs the state recommended design: two-tank Point-of-Entry (or “Whole House”) Arsenic adsorption treatment system. We use only the best, proven technologies from Layne, Metsorb and AdEdge. The media is designed for long service life, high flow rates, high capacity, and rapid adsorption. Our systems effectively remove both species of Arsenic (Arsenic III and Arsenic V). The treated water is delivered to all taps in the home, so you can feel confident that the water used for drinking, cooking, bathing, laundry, and other household use has safe Arsenic levels. The treatment system is easy to operate and maintain. A simple annual service visit is required. Arsenic treatment media adsorbs the Arsenic, so one of the two tanks should need a replacement within 2-4 years, depending on water usage and Arsenic levels. It is important that the arsenic levels are tested every year at the service to determine the Arsenic saturation of the tanks.

Bacteria
Bacteria

What is Coliform Bacteria? Total Coliform bacteria are a group of microorganisms. If a test for Coliform bacteria is positive, then E. Coli (Escherichia Coliform) and/or Fecal Coliform tests can be performed on the water sample. If a Total Coliform test is positive, the occupants should stop drinking the water until the problem is remedied. Bringing the water to a full boil for 3 minutes before drinking or cooking, or using bottled water is a temporary solution. Symptoms include nausea and diarrhea. These can occur shortly after drinking contaminated water. The effects could be short-term yet severe (similar to food poisoning) or might recur frequently or develop slowly over a long time.

Bacteria is a Primary Drinking Water Contaminant; The EPA Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL) for coliform bacteria in drinking water is zero (or no) total coliform per 100ml of water.

Fecal Coliform and E. Coli: Fecal Coliform and E.Coli are bacteria whose presence indicates that the water may be contaminated with human or animal wastes. Disease causing microbes or pathogens in these wastes can cause diarrhea, cramps, nausea, headaches, or other symptoms. These pathogens may pose a special risk for infants, young children, and those with compromised immune systems.

How does RAdata treat Bacteria in my water? RAdata and other leading water experts recommend Ultraviolet (UV) systems as the best treatment technology because UV is a permanent, effective, and versatile treatment option. UV technology destroys about 99.9% of all pathogens in the water including cysts, bacteria, and viruses. Ultraviolet water purification is a unique and rapid method of water disinfection without the use of heat or chemicals and does not alter the taste of the water. The water enters the purifier and any bacteria in the water are exposed to UV light from the germicidal UV lamp. UV light disinfects by penetrating microorganisms and disrupting their DNA, preventing them from multiplying. A microorganism which cannot breed is of no concern. Water leaving the purifier is instantly ready for use. (Some municipalities require the use of special UV systems which will disable the water to the home if a malfunction occurs or if the annual lamp change is ignored.)

Chemicals

How do Chemicals get into drinking water? Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) are chemicals used in the production of plastics, adhesives, paints, gasoline, fumigants, refrigerants, and dry-cleaning solvents. The long-term widespread use of VOCs and their ability to persist and migrate in ground water has led to VOCs being detected in most aquifers throughout the Nation.

What are the dangers of Chemicals in drinking water? At high levels, some VOCs may damage the central nervous system, the kidneys or the liver. They may cause drowsiness, dizziness, and headaches, irritation upon contact with the skin, and mucous membranes if inhaled. Some VOCs are known or suspected carcinogens. Animal studies and human data suggest that some VOC’s have caused liver and kidney damage, anemia, low White Blood Cell count, Leukemia, tumors, and miscarriages.

What are some signs that Chemicals might be in my water? Low concentrations of VOCs in water can produce a sweet, pleasant odor that is easily detected. VOC contamination is likely if you taste or smell the odor of gasoline or solvents in your water.

If you have a private well with VOC contamination, you should report your water test results to your local health department. They can investigate the source of the contamination in your well and see if other wells around you are also contaminated.

How does RAdata treat VOC’s (Chemicals) in my water? RAdata reduces VOCs in water using either Granular Activated Carbon (GAC) or an Aeration System.

GAC generally costs less than Aeration, but the carbon tanks require periodic replacement when they have been saturated with chemicals and can no longer effectively remove chemicals from your water. Depending on the severity of the VOC contamination, water usage, and other water quality indicators, GAC tanks replacement timeframes can vary greatly.

Aeration, also known as air stripping, mixes air with water to volatilize contaminants (turn them to vapor). The volatilized contaminants are vented to the outside of the home. Aeration used to remove volatile organic chemicals can also remove radon from drinking water.

Bottled water can be used as a short-term source of drinking water. If you choose to use these short-term measures, keep in mind that VOCs may still enter your body through skin absorption or through inhalation of water vapor.

Chlorine Taste/Odor
Chlorine-Taste_Odor

How does Chlorine (or Chloramines) get into drinking water? Many public water systems have to use disinfectants for the water they provide consumers. Most communities use either chlorine or chloramines. Chloramine is a chemical compound formed by the reaction of ammonia with the active ingredient in chlorine bleach. Sometimes, public water systems switch back and forth between using chlorine and chloramines during the year. Both Chlorine and Chloramines are toxic to aquatic life, reptiles, and amphibians. The EPA states that the low levels of these chemicals used for drinking water disinfection do not have adverse health effects on humans. Certain individuals may be more sensitive than others to these chemicals, in particular those with skin conditions. Dialysis patients should not use water that has any amount of Chlorine or Chloramines.

Chlorine and Chloramine produce other chemicals which stay in your water. These Chemicals are called Disinfection Byproducts (DBPs). Some of the byproducts possibly pose greater health risks than the disinfection chemicals themselves. Chlorine reacts with natural organic compounds (humic & fulvic acids) to form a wide range of unwanted halogenated organic compounds including

Some common DBP’s (Disinfection Byproducts) are: Chloral Hydrate, Haloacetic acids (HAAs), Chlorophenols, Haloacetonitriles (HANs), Chlorinated Acetones, Hydroxyfuranone, and Trihalomethanes (THMs): including Chloroform, Bromodichloromethane (BDCM), Chlorodibromomethane (CDBM), and Bromoform.

Concern about the potential health effects of these byproducts of chlorination has prompted the investigation of the possible association between exposure to these byproducts and incidence of human cancer, and more recently, with adverse reproductive outcomes such as low birth weight, preterm delivery, spontaneous abortions, stillbirth, and birth defects— in particular central nervous system, major cardiac defects, oral cleft, and respiratory, and neural tube defects.

How does RAdata remove Chlorine & Chloramines from my water? RAdata uses carbon filters to remove chlorine, chloramines and disinfection byproducts. Granular Activated Carbon (GAC) is commonly used for the removal of disinfectants in water supplies. The use of GAC improves taste, removes health hazards, and protects other water treatment equipment from oxidation or organic fouling. The use of GAC does not add any detrimental constituents to the water.

Cloudy Water or Sediment
cloudy-water-sediment

Why is my water Cloudy? Fine suspended particles of clay, silt, algae, or organic matter can be picked up as water moves over or under the ground. These solid particles absorb or reflect light and cause the water to appear cloudy. Cloudy water is called Turbidity. Obviously, the physical appearance of cloudy or dirty water is less appealing than clear sparkling water.

Turbidity caused by inorganic minerals is abrasive and causes erosion in pipes, fittings, valve seats and washers. Turbidity caused by suspended organic matter can stain sinks and fixtures and discolor laundered items. Suspended matter can also carry pathogens. Turbidity can also cause interference with disinfection processes like UV and chlorination.

How does RAdata treat Turbidity in my water? RAdata can install a series of special cartridge filters designed to eliminate Turbidity problems via a multi-step filtration process.

Hard Water
Hard-Water

What is Hard Water? Hard water is caused by calcium and magnesium carbonates in the water. Calcium carbonate scales formed in water-heating systems are called lime scale.

Hard water can:

  • make your skin feel dry after a shower
  • make your hair dry and unmanageable
  • cause water spots and deposits in the shower, on fixtures and faucets
  • cause a ring in the tub and toilet
  • cause white spots on dishes and glassware
  • reduce the life of appliances: water heaters, dishwashers, coffeemakers, etc
  • cause Calcium build up in plumbing, reducing the flow of water like a clogged artery
  • cause boiler component overheating, reduced heating efficiency, and eventual failure
  • require the use of more detergent when washing dishes or clothes
  • cause soap solutions to form a white precipitate (soap scum) instead of producing lather

How does RAdata treat Hard Water? RAdata water softeners remedy the problems associated with hard water. Hard water passes through the softener’s main tank which contains resin beads coated with sodium (soft) ions. The calcium and magnesium (hardness) ions are exchanged for sodium (or potassium) ions, thus softening your water. When the beads have trapped all the hardness they can hold and need to be regenerated, the softeners control valve recharges them with the brine from the brine tank. During regeneration, the hardness ions are freed from the beads, replaced with sodium or potassium ions; and the system is ready to soften water again. RAdata water softeners for use with city water use a special chlorine-resistant resin for longer service life.

Iron
Iron

What is Iron and how does it get into water? Iron is a common element that makes up nearly 5% of the earth's crust. Iron can be present in water due to a number of reasons. Acid rain, particularly acidic or basic water and other chemical factors in water can corrode iron pipes and leach iron into the water. Also, high velocity water and sediment in water can erode iron from pipes into the water.

Is too much Iron a health risk? Though the US EPA considers iron to be a secondary standard and currently only recognizes it as an aesthetically damaging contaminant, recent research has demonstrated likely health risks from iron and a possible link between iron in water and Parkinson’s Disease.

What are the signs of water with a high Iron content? If your water tastes metallic, is reddish or comes out clear but leaves orange-brown stains in sinks, toilets, and tubs you probably have excess iron. When exposed to air, heat, or chlorine, these iron compounds will form rust, which will stain virtually anything that the water comes in contact with. This can cause extensive damage to faucets, appliances, dishes and clothing. When iron exists along with certain kinds of bacteria, the bacteria can use the iron to survive. A smelly bio-film (reddish brown or yellow slime/gelatinous sludge) is created in the process, which can clog plumbing, strainers, and valves and cause an objectionable odor. This biofilm may be noticeable inside of the toilet tank.

How does RAdata treat Iron in water? RAdata water softeners remedy the problems associated with low to moderate concentrations of Iron. Water passes through the softener’s media tank that contains resin beads coated with sodium ions. The Iron is exchanged for sodium (or potassium) ions, thus softening the water. When the beads have trapped the Iron and need to be regenerated, the control valve recharges them with the brine from the brine tank. As regeneration occurs, the Iron is freed from the beads, replaced with sodium or potassium ions; and the system is ready to remove Iron again.

Ferric (red water) iron, larger amounts of clear water iron, and iron bacteria can be controlled by running the water through an “Iron Breaker” filter. The Iron Breaker stores a “bubble” of air, compressed by your well pressure, within the media tank. As your water passes through the air, the iron is converted to a particle which is then trapped by the catalytic filter media in the tank while the air “bubble” is gradually consumed by the passing water. When the air bubble is used up, the unit “backwashes” itself, removing any iron particles it has trapped, then replenishes the “air bubble” and is ready to oxidize and trap more iron particles.

Lead
Lead

How does Lead get into drinking water? Lead is rarely found in source water, but enters tap water through corrosion of plumbing materials. Homes built before 1986 are more likely to have lead pipes, fixtures, and solder. However, new homes are also at risk: even legally “lead-free” plumbing may contain up to 8% lead. The most common problem is with brass or chrome-plated brass faucets and fixtures which can leach significant amounts of lead into the water, especially hot water.

What are the health risks? Lead in drinking water can cause a variety of adverse health effects. In babies and children, exposure to lead in drinking water above the action level can result in delays in physical and mental development, along with slight deficits in attention span, and learning abilities. In adults, it can cause increases in blood pressure. Adults who drink this water over many years could develop kidney problems or high blood pressure.

How does RAdata treat Lead in water? RAdata water softeners remove Lead. Water passes through the softener’s media tank that contains resin beads coated with sodium ions. The Lead is exchanged for sodium (or potassium) ions, thus softening the water. When the beads have trapped the Lead and need to be regenerated, the control valve recharges them with the brine from the brine tank. As regeneration occurs, the Lead freed from the beads, replaced with sodium or potassium ions; and the system is ready to remove Lead again.

Low pH
Low pH

What is pH and why does it matter? pH is a measure of the concentration of hydrogen ions in a diluted solution. The optimum range for the pH of drinking water is between 6.5 and 8.5. Pure water has a pH very close to 7. Solutions with a pH less than 7 are said to be acidic and solutions with a pH greater than 7 are basic (or alkaline). The World Health Organization (WHO) warns that extreme pH levels can worsen existing skin conditions.

The telltale signs of Low pH are metallic or sour taste, blue-green stains on sinks and drains, and laundry staining. Acidic water can also corrode plumbing, causing pin-hole leaks and contributing to the presence of iron, copper, manganese, zinc and other harmful minerals in your water. Leaching of heavy metals (Copper, Zinc, and Lead) from plumbing pipes can have adverse effects on the gastrointestinal system and contribute to neurological and reproductive problems such as seizures, hearing loss, and miscarriages.

High pH is not as common as low pH, but high pH is also a concern because it can cause diarrhea, make your water taste bitter, cause scale formation, and decrease the efficiency of electric water heaters. For help with high pH, call RAdata at 973-927-7303.

How does RAdata remedy a pH problem? RAdata neutralizes low pH with neutralizing an automatic neutralizing filter. The filter tank is filled with a blend of calcium and magnesium carbonates (commonly referred to as neutralizing mix) made from naturally occurring minerals, which dissolve into the water, making it less corrosive. An automatic back washing unit cleans the media bed and prevents compaction of the media, which keeps the system operating efficiently. The neutralizing mix adjusts the pH of the water in a sacrificial process. The neutralizing mix will eventually be depleted, requiring a refill. Your neutralizing tank will need to be filled with neutralizing mix annually in order to continue to adjust the pH.

If you are concerned about corrosion there is a filter cartridge which can be installed in conjunction with pH treatment called a Hexametaphosphate PCC Cartridge (FDA grade). This cartridge releases food-grade hexametaphosphate that forms a protective coating on metal surfaces, safeguarding against acidity/alkalinity, hardness, chloride, and other factors which effect the corrosion of water equipment and pipes. The cartridge will need to be replaced every 6 months to 1 year, depending on water usage.

Manganese
Manganese

What is Manganese and how does it get into water? Manganese is a rare metal that is brought into water by dissolving in acidic rain.

Is Manganese a problem? Like iron, manganese oxidizes when exposed to air or heat. Oxidizing manganese will cause black stains on any surface it touches at levels as low as 0.05 parts per million. For this reason, the EPA has set the regulatory standard at .05 ppm. Though the US EPA considers manganese to be a secondary standard as an aesthetically damaging contaminant, recent research has demonstrated likely health risks from manganese. High levels of manganese in drinking water can adversely affect child intellectual function, and, in large doses, act as a neurotoxin, causing symptoms similar to Parkinson's disease.

How does RAdata treat Manganese? RAdata water softeners reduce Manganese. Hard water passes through the softener’s media tank that contains resin beads coated with sodium ions. The Manganese is exchanged for sodium (or potassium) ions. When the beads that have trapped the Manganese are full and need to be regenerated, the control valve charges them with the brine from the brine tank. As regeneration occurs, the Manganese is freed from the beads, replaced with sodium or potassium ions; and the system is ready to remove Manganese again.

Nitrates
Nitrates

What are Nitrates and how do they get into water? Nitrate is a tasteless, colorless and odorless compound that you cannot detect unless your water is chemically analyzed. The 1990 EPA National Survey of Drinking Water Wells found that approximately 57 percent of the private wells tested contained detectable levels of nitrates. Nitrates in well water can come from fertilizer runoff, leaching from septic tanks, and even erosion of naturally occurring deposits. Users of private water supplies should have their water tested annually for nitrates, especially in areas where fertilizers are commonly used.

Why are Nitrates dangerous? Nitrates ingested into the body are converted to nitrites, which can prevent blood from carrying oxygen properly. This can lead to a bluish/grey tint to the skin (due to a lack of oxygen), shortness of breath, increased sensitivity to illness, heart attacks, and potentially death by asphyxiation. This is most common and most dangerous in infants under 6 months of age (“blue baby syndrome” or infant methemoglobinemia). The stomach acid of an infant is not as strong as in older children and adults. This causes an increase in bacteria that can readily convert nitrate to nitrite (NO2). In addition to the health risks to young infants, there is concern that nitrates in drinking water may also increase the risk of certain types of cancers, including bladder cancer.

Boiling nitrate-contaminated water does not make it safe to drink. Boiling will actually increase the concentration of nitrates.

How does RAdata reduce Nitrates in water? To treat the whole house for nitrates, RAdata installs a specialized type of Anion exchange water softener. A water softener uses the principle of ion-exchange – in this case, anions – to remove nitrates from raw water. Although the anion softener looks the same on the outside, this unit is very different from a standard water softener which utilizes a special resin that is selective to nitrates. The Nitrate ions are exchanged for the Chloride ions in the brine, trapping the Nitrates in the resin. The resin holds the Nitrates until they are backwashed out of the system during the normal regeneration process, then the system is ready to remove Nitrates again.

To treat only a single tap (point-of-use) Reverse Osmosis (commonly referred to as RO) is the second most common form of nitrate treatment. Reverse Osmosis systems are usually installed under the kitchen sink (instead of Point of Entry treatment, which would treat all of the water supplied to the home). The Reverse Osmosis system provides treated water to its own separate tap. Nitrate removal by Reverse Osmosis uses a semi-permeable membrane to selectively remove various inorganics within the water. As water passes through the membrane it leaves the Nitrates behind (85% - 95% removal rate). The Reverse Osmosis system slowly makes treated water throughout the day, which is stored in a small holding tank underneath the sink for on demand use. When the holding tank is full, the system automatically ceases production until more water is needed.

Pharmaceuticals
Pharmaceuticals

A 2008 investigation by the Associated Press found medications in the drinking water in 24 major metropolitan areas, including Northern New Jersey!

How do Pharmaceuticals get into the water supply? Approximately 70% of Americans take at least one prescription drug. After someone ingests their medicine, only a percentage of the drug gets metabolized. The un-used portion, plus the metabolites are excreted (waste and sweat), and returned to the water via our toilets and showers. Pharmaceuticals are also introduced into the water supply through improper disposal of medications which are flushed down the toilet. Federal guidelines now advise against flushing medications (for everything but narcotic pain relievers). All other medications should be taken a collection site or mixed with cat litter or coffee grounds and put in the regular trash. Agricultural runoff can also introduce antibiotics and hormones used to treat livestock into the groundwater.

What kinds of medications have been found in water? Cholesterol, asthma, epilepsy, mental illness and heart medicines, pain relievers, hormones, tranquilizers, mood stabilizers, and steroids are some of the medicines that have been found in drinking water in various areas in the United States.

How does RAdata remove medications from water? For the highest removal rate (up to 99%) RAdata recommends Reverse Osmosis (R.O.) to remove Pharmaceuticals and Pharmaceutical metabolites from water used for drinking and cooking.

Radiation (Gross Alpha)
Radiation-(Gross-Alpha)

What is Gross Alpha and how does it get into water? Gross Alpha is a measurement of combined alpha particle Radioactivity from Radium and Uranium. Naturally occurring radioactive substances are frequently found in ground water in New Jersey

Why is Gross Alpha a concern? Because there is no safe level of radiation, the Maximum Contaminant Level Goal (MCLG) for Gross Alpha is 0 pCi/L. For both public and private water supplies, the Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL) allowed in 15 pCi/L. If the water exceeds 15 pCi/L, it should be treated. Radioactivity can damage or kill cells. Exposure to Gross Alpha Radiation in drinking water and Radium can increase the risk of cancer. Exposure to high levels of Uranium can contribute to Kidney Disease. Uranium interferes with reabsorption of proteins and Uranium in the bloodstream can be deposited in a person’s bones, where it is likely to remain for several years. With continued ingestion of extremely high levels of radiation in water, individuals have experienced the debilitating Parkinson’s like effects of heavy metals poisoning.

Well water that contains elevated levels of radioactive minerals sometimes increases the level of radon in the air inside a home. Actions like taking showers, doing laundry or running a dishwasher can release the radon into the air inside your home. Breathing air with elevated levels of radon over a lifetime increases a person‘s risk of getting lung cancer.

If gross alpha activity is greater than 15 pCi/L, water treatment is recommended by the NJ DEP. If gross alpha activity is greater than 5 pCi/L but less than 15 pCi/L, testing for Radium 226 and Radium 228 is advised. If the combined radium levels are above 5 picocuries per liter, water treatment is recommended by the NJDEP. Alternatively, a homeowner may evaluate the additional cost of radium testing and determine whether it is better simply to proceed to water treatment. If gross alpha activity is less than 5 pCi/L, no further action is required according to the NJDEP.

How does RAdata reduce Gross Alpha in water? Special water softeners can remove radiation from your well water. Depending on the contributing elements to the radiation in your water, you may need 1 or 2 water softeners specifically designed to selectively remove Radium and/or Uranium. You will also need to neutralize the water if your water needs both types of softeners. RAdata will design a system to fit your needs and your budget. We will monitor your system annually by testing for radiation in the water and scanning for gamma ray emission from your treatment tanks with a special instrument used to measure radiation. If you have existing treatment in your home, we can service and monitor your existing equipment even if we didn't install it!

Radon
Radon

Radon is a radioactive gas. It occurs naturally and is produced by the breakdown of uranium in soil, rock, and water. Radon can dissolve into our water supply. As you shower or use your well water for other household tasks (ex: laundry or dishwashing), the gas can be released from the water into the air. On average, every 10,000 Picocuries per Liter (pCi/L) of radon in water contributes 1 additional pCi/L of radon in the air. (The action level for radon in air is 4.0 pCi/L). However, a 10 minute shower (with radon in water levels of 10,000 Picocuries per Liter) can raise the radon in air levels in a bathroom to 30 pCi/L, more than 7 times the action level!

The New Jersey Drinking Water Quality Institute submitted a recommendation to the state of New Jersey for a maximum contaminant level (MCL) for Radon in Water of 800 pCi/L (Picocuries per Liter). Although an action level does not currently exist for private wells in New Jersey, considerations have included MCL’s ranging from 300 pCi/L - 4000 pCi/L.

How does RAdata reduce Radon in water? Radon in water is treated in one of two ways: A Granular Activated Carbon (GAC) system, or an Aeration system. The type of treatment that is needed is dictated by the concentration of the radon in water. It is important to have annual service on either type of equipment to ensure proper function (and to monitor the saturation of GAC tanks). A radon in water sample should also be collected before and after the treatment system each year at the time of service.

If the radon in water levels are 4,000 pCi/L or lower, GAC is a practical option. GAC treatment generally costs less than Aeration, but the carbon tanks require periodic replacement when they have been saturated with radiation and can present eventual disposal issues. The radon in water reduction associated to GAC filtration is typically a 50-80% reduction.

If the radon in water levels are above 4,000 pCi/L, an Aeration system is needed. The radon in water reduction associated to Aeration is very high, typically a 98-99% reduction. As the water is aerated, radon is bubbled up and is vented to the outside of the house above the roofline. The clean water overflows the brim of the cup, and a built-in pump automatically delivers radon free water to your home.

Sulfur Odor
Sulfur-Odor

What causes sulfur odor? Hydrogen sulfide is formed by sulfur bacteria that may occur in water. These bacteria use the sulfur in decaying plants, rocks, or soil as their food or energy source and produce hydrogen sulfide. The sulfur bacteria in water can cause a bad taste or odor. Water containing hydrogen sulfide usually gives a "rotten egg" smell and taste.

Since hydrogen sulfide can be detected in water by smell and taste, laboratory testing is not needed to detect its presence. Water supplies with as little as 1.0 ppm (part per million) hydrogen sulfide are corrosive, may tarnish copper and silverware, and occasionally release a black material that stains laundry and fixtures.

If the smell is only from the hot water faucet the problem is likely to be a chemical reaction with the anode rod in the water heater. Some suggest that changing a standard magnesium or aluminum anode to an aluminum/zinc alloy anode can solve a hot-water-only smelly water problem.

If the smell is in both the hot and cold faucets it is likely that Hydrogen Sulfide is present in the groundwater, or sulfur bacteria is present in the well or distribution system.

How does RAdata remedy Sulfur Odor? Hydrogen Sulfide and sulfur bacteria can be controlled by running the water through a “Sulfur Breaker” filter. The Sulfur Breaker stores a “bubble” of air, compressed by your well pressure, within the media tank. As your water passes through the air, the sulfur is converted to a particle which is then trapped by the catalytic filter media in the tank while the air “bubble” is gradually consumed by the passing water. When the air bubble is used up, the unit “backwashes” itself, removing any sulfur particles it has trapped, then replenishes the “air bubble” and is ready to oxidize and trap more Sulfur.